The German national anthem - former imperial song
In this blog post, you can expect:
▪ the genesis of the German national anthem
▪ Further links and a video to watch and learn from
▪ various sheet music for the German National Anthem for free download
Emperor Franz and the Song of the Germans
The German national anthem has a long history. The music was composed as early as 1797 by Joseph Haydn. The title: "God keep Franz, the emperor". No, not Franz Beckenbauer, but Franz II, the last emperor of the German Empire.
The text goes back to a poem by Hoffmann von Fallersleben: the "Song of the Germans". Remaining in the current version of the Federal Republic of Germany only the third verse.
Joseph Haydn and the musical genesis of the German National Anthem with melody and notes
Joseph Haydn or Franz Joseph Haydn is a famous composer from the era of the Viennese classics and lived from 1732-1809.
In the 18th century, a number of hymns were composed. One of the most important was the hymn "God Save The Queen", whose melody enjoyed great popularity and was used for other hymns, including the imperial anthem of the German Empire. It was in this context that the idea was born, Emperor Francis II to dedicate a song of his own.
Haydn's melody of the imperial song "Gott erhalte Franz, den Kaiser", later also that of the German national anthem, carries elements of a Croatian dance, a piece by Michael Haydn and a rondo by Telemann. Joseph Haydn also created a noteworthy variation work on the melody in his Kaiserquartett.
Here the Kaiserlied as download in my notation:
Video recommendation on the genesis of the German anthem
Very beautifully described is the origin of the German national anthem in this Video, with many music examples. The video can be seen on Youtube. Embedding is not allowed. Therefore please follow the link.
Video Melody German National Anthem
Below is a video to watch and check out:
- Melody German National Anthem in C major - white keys only!
Hoffmann von Fallersleben and the genesis of the text of the German National Anthem
The text of the German national anthem was written by a lyricist and poet who was very much connected to music: August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben (1798-1874).
He created 550 children's songs, some of which he even set to music, such as folk and fatherland songs. Among his most famous song lyrics:
▪ All the birds are already here
▪ The cuckoo and the donkey
▪ Tomorrow Santa Claus comes
The lyrics of the German National Anthem are:
Unity and justice and freedom
for the German fatherland!
Let us all strive for that,
fraternally with heart and hand!
Unity and justice and freedom
are the pledge of happiness:
Bloom in the splendour of this happiness,
flourish, German fatherland!
It is only the third stanza of the "Lied der Deutschen". The poems come from the very political "unpolitical songs", which owe their name to the circumstance to remain as undetected as possible from the state organs and to escape censorship.
The liberal-minded Hoffmann von Fallersleben advocated a unified Germany and gives expression to this in the Lied der Deutschen . The first stanza, beginning with "Germany, Germany above all" is to be seen in this light.
Download the melody and lyrics of the German National Anthem here:
Melody and lyrics of the German national anthem for download
Inspired by the 2006 World Cup in Germany, I had the desire to write my own arrangement of the German national anthem. The everyday life has taken me then first of all again in occupation. Fortunately, the big football tournaments take place every two years.
In 2008, for the European Football Championship in Austria and Switzerland, the time had come: My version of the German national anthem for piano solo was created. For the next European Championship, 2012 in Poland and Ukraine, I published the music for the first time - as a download track. A few weeks ago, for the 2014 World Cup in Brazil, I released the anthem as a CD single and sheet music for piano.
Download track German National Anthem
Piano sheet music German national anthem and CD single
My name is Marcus Sukiennik. I work as a pianist in upscale hotels and piano bars. In addition, I play at events of all kinds, whether corporate events or private parties.